Symptoms of bipolar disorder include episodes of mania, hypomania and depression. Bipolar disorder is one of the most common reasons for disability therefore knowing the symptoms of bipolar disorder is essential. It is listed on the sixth position in the list created by World Health Organization.
This is disease where elevated mood prevails at some point and then depression takes over. The switching of these two phases occurs and the duration varies from patient to patient.
Sometimes the people could feel happy and full of energy in one or two days and then depression prevails. They feel sad and unworthy, even suicide thoughts appear in their minds.
Your family members could be affected and you are the only one who can help them by providing the proper guidance and treatment. If patients of bipolar disorder are not diagnosed in time, this might be fatal for them because they could lose their lives.
First of all, you must know that women are affected much often when compared to men. Also, the ages between 15 and 30 are crucial for the development of this disorder. There are some pretty distinguishable symptoms, which are specific for the bipolar disorder. Some of these symptoms are used as diagnostic criteria to help the doctors come up with a diagnosis. The bipolar disorder signs and symptoms are as follows:
This is actually a sum of symptoms. Generally, Psychiatrists classify mania as an episode of elevated, irritated mood, where the individual is super active. This super activity could not be suppressed by any means. This is one of the major symptoms of bipolar disorder.
The manic episodes usually start with decreased need of sleep. In time the disorder develops further, expressing itself with grandiosity, distractibility, flight of ideas, racing thoughts, ideas of putting higher goals than normal. These symptoms could appear in the same person.
However, in most cases a person exhibits only 3-4 of the symptoms, specific for maniac period. Usually, to classify this period as a maniac, the person has to exhibits these symptoms for at least one week. Other very common symptoms during this period are: hyper-sexuality, hyperactivity, violence, and religiosity.
This is the phase, where the symptoms, specified for manic periods, are not that severe as in the manic period. It should last for at least 4 days to meet the criteria. Hospitalization is often not required in this condition.
The physical examination must establish impairment in the main functions in the body. Also, this condition should be neglected for the time being, if the patient has just lost his beloved person/ people.
This is the very opposite of the manic period. The symptoms here include: lack of emotional activity, suicidal thoughts, increased need of sleep and others. Currently there are 9 symptoms specific for depression. The presence of 5 of these symptoms, allows the doctor to give this diagnosis. The symptoms must persist in the patient for at least 2 week. Again, if the patient has lost a close person, he/she must be monitored to exclude this condition.
Knowing the symptoms of bipolar disorder is important for every human being because we live in a society, where people are stressed each day. That’s why by monitoring the people around you will be able to contribute to the nation’s health.